Why is job design so essential to the ongoing sustainability of an organisation’s human resources?
Job design mainly focuses on how Human Resource Management could help with organisational sustainability or the development of the role of staff. In other word, job design is based on the needs of organisation and individual to design and balance duties, responsibilities and powers during work. When the organisational goals and individual needs are being met effectively, job design plays a quite important role in maintaining the sustainability of an organisation’s human resources.
Job design is the critical step for identifying skill diversity, task integrity, meaning of work and autonomy, which result in positive attitudes and behaviours of staff. With the above four factors, staff will be in self-reward-based and self-motivated enthusiasm cycle. They apply their skills to complete the task, from which they will find fulfillment and autonomy. In this way, both parties will be in virtuous circle. When staff satisfaction is met, staff morale and productivity will be improved. What is more, job design provides the direction for the organisation to target the potential capable candidates, while help potential staff to figure out if this job suits them. In other word, job design helps both parties to see if one is competent for one position. When the answer is positive, the ongoing sustainability of an organisation’s human resources will be met.
There are four job design approaches, which are motivational, mechanistic, biological and perceptual-motor.All of them have positive outcomes on the sustainability. Motivational approach helps staff to improve job satisfaction, motivation, job performance with higher involvement and less absenteeism. Mechanistic approach works quite well inindustrial engineering and scientific management. It may result in less training time with higher utilisation levels, lower error and stress. With less physical effect and fatigue, Biological approaches help increase job satisfaction by designing better work environment to reduce medical incidents, health complaints and absenteeism. The perceptual-motor focuses on reliability of work outcomes by increasing utilization levels with the effect of lower likelihood of error and accidents as well as less stress and training time provided.
All in all, job design is essential to the ongoing sustainability of an organisation’s human resources.