Medical Anthropology is a newly emerging interdisciplinary anthropology and a very wide field of study. It adopts anthropological theories and methods to explore the medical problem, and studies health, disease, and treatment by the viewpoint of crossing different human societies and experience. However，ever since medicine came into being, human beings often relate curing disease art to some magic power like gods, goddess and spirit. Illness has been thought as the result of non-observance of their moral codes and terrible manners; consequently, they will be punished for their disobedience. As we all know that traditional medicine shows a great cultural gem of varied societies represent a crystallization of the wisdom of our people. The traditional Yoruba medicine brings us to a brand new thought about the cognition of health and a special treatment. Those methods to tackle disease should be accepted with a wide mind so that we can provide the patients with better medical service and make them healthy. So my argument is that Yoruba medicine should gain serious attention and have a dwelling place in medicine field. In this paper, I will focus on Yoruba culture and traditional Yoruba medicine as a case study.
In the process of seeking a way to pain relief, witchcraft is the first practice. And medicine originates from witchcraft and some supernatural power. The earliest doctor is a witch; the oldest healing means is witchcraft. We should show some respect to witchcraft and its professional staff. As medical anthropology focuses on our minds instead of our bodies, witch doctors know how to seize the patients’ vulnerable weakness and prescribe the right medicine through some kind of magic power. Yoruba medical practice is a very important part of the Nigerian culture. If we give it a chance, Yoruba traditional medicine will prove for itself that like other African traditional medicine, it will dedicate itself to the wellbeing of the rest of the world. This kind of medicine has lasted for centuries through thick and thin, and suffered incessant hit from westerners who want to abandon it in order to promote biomedicine. As everything exists for a reason, Yoruba traditional medicine cannot survive such a long time if it doesn’t have any advantage at all. So it is high time that we open our mind and embrace this fresh type of healing. We should spare no efforts to continue the process that has already begun in Africa.