In the past, some researchers in the business world have asserted that the real impact exercised by the leader on the organizational performance is overstated. However, practice has proven that leadership is important in a variety of activities that range from decision-makings to employees’ value direction and engagement. Another fact that cannot be neglected is that different leaders have different styles in managing his membership. Therefore, in this essay, the author is going to argue that the leadership style practiced in an organization has a significant influence on the ethical behavior of its members.
In the first section, by drawing on Kurt Lewin(1939), Bolden and Gosling (2006), Clegg et al (2012) and others, a series of leadership styles are presented and elaborated according to different criterions. The subsequent part attempts to account for how these diverse styles affect the organizational members’ ethical behaviors in such aspects as engagement, identification, social responsibility and so on. In section three, through understanding their differences and impacts, the author points out with specific examples that different situations calls for corresponding leadership styles, and there is no one that fits all. Finally the paper is concluded with the statement that there are no good or bad, right or wrong leadership styles, and what a successful leader is expected to do is choose the most suitable alternative in a certain circumstance.
This essay has examined the influence of leadership styles on the ethical behaviors of its members. Generally speaking, a good leader is able to cultivate, motivate, and direct his followers to achieve their common goals. During the process, the followers themselves can generate active feelings, such as high degree of engagement, senses of mission and self-fulfillment. On the other hand, if the leader is not successful, he may worsen the situation of the group. His followers may perhaps become anxious, dissatisfied, lack of energy and even conduct immoral actions.
Arbitrary judgment on whether a certain leadership style is good or bad, right or wrong is unreasonable and meaningless, because each style is situational-specific. Through understanding these styles and their influences, a leader can become more effective and successful.