Early childhood is crucial for the development of a child. Compared with the past, early childhood in Australia changed a lot. The development of a child depends on the environment he lives in, that is to say, the social context plays a significant role in the process of a child’s development. In some way, early childhood can be regarded as the most important period for a person’s life. This essay gives a comprehensive study over the factors that influence the development of system a child. According to Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory, the ecological including four layers. Each layer is interrelates with each other. For example, conflict within any layer ripples throughout other layers. By creating these systems, Bronfenbrenner was the leader in introducing pre-searchers into exploring the family, political, and economic structures as influencing the development of a child into adulthood. This paper will intend to better understand the findings of Bronfenbrenner as it relates to child development, also look at environmental influences on the whole child’s development and finally how it relates to early education programs.
At first, this essay will make a general overview of the factors that influence children’s development. Secondly, it will illustrate each factor in details combining with some sociological knowledge and theories. Then the essay will discuss exact case of two suburbs: West Pymble and Mount Druitt and make comparison and contrast between them. Finally, the passage will make a conclusion and make some recommendations as well for the development of a child.
As sketched above, parents should create a relatively good environment for children to grow in it. The practice from parents and families are extremely significant for a child’s development, it is the criteria that will directly influence a child’s development. As for teenagers they should engaged more in paid work rather than solely in study. A good quality of education is indispensible if a nation wants to make it self powerful. For children over 2 years should receive age-appropriate education about television and other media as well, for the purpose of guiding them to use mass media and technologies properly. By this way, children can gain a lot of information from mass media, and study hard in schools with the help of mass media. For many students who live in rural area they were limited by their environment and have little opportunities to learn things they like so that to lead to developmental deficits. But their pathways towards improved outcomes can be redirected by early intervention programs. These programs contain those that extend into elementary school and integrated programs that take advantage of child care centers and schools as community bases for the delivery of various services. In a word, it is a shared responsibility to make a child grow healthily. It requires the efforts from all the aspects, such as family, environment and government.