LR代写 self-degrading era

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  • LR代写 self-degrading era

    According to Chapkins (2006), the world has entered into a self-degrading era, wherein most people become sensitive about the latest fashion and the most popular beauty standard. Influenced by this social change, women are being pushed to make themselves look better, despite that most females can never be like supermodels they observe in Korean series (Chapkins, 2006). However, most women are still finding ways to follow the latest fashion trend and dress as Korean idols. Chinese women should only feel beautiful if they could be competing with standards that the entire society or at least their social groups dictate.
     
    Although modern technologies allow Chinese women to control their bodies and skin tone, they still rely largely on external beauty standards advocated by their social groups (Li et al., 2008). Currently, there is a substantial body of researches which investigate significant impact of people’s social denies on their perceptions, emotions and behavior. For instance, Ellemers et al., (1997) observe people who stick with unsuccessful groups and find out that even these people may have the opportunity to become successful, they end up with jeopardizing their individual well-being so as to be consistent with social groups, or to protect collective self. From this, it can also be estimated that the collective self is subservient to their individual self (Gaertner et al., 1999). These examples also imply that people’s collective selves and social identities play a guiding role of forming their perceptual, affective and behavior in many different aspects in daily lives.
     
    Whereas the concept of personal self can be defined as a kind of continuous awareness of which someone is, it is still clear that these personal selves may perceive their social selves differently, as they may belong to different social groups (Baumeister, 1998). In the opinion of psychology professors, social identities refer to social selves who are derived from varying social groups. Moreover, social categorization indicates that social selves can be divided into different social groups, depending on the type of social identity that is the most salient (Crisp & Hewstone, 2001).
     
    Nowadays, Chinese women who are ranging from 18 to 25 years old admit that they are undergoing pressures from their parents and influenced by behaviors conducted and advocated by other group members in the same group while they are thinking about the necessity of performing plastic cosmetic surgeries. The prevalence of Korean series has presented Chinese women with so-called beauty standards. To be accepted by the majority public, Chinese women, especially those young ones, begin to pursuit for standard beauty as portrayed in Korean series. In addition, it is widely witnessed that some Chinese women have won substantial confidence and self-contentment from their social groups after they have undertaken some plastic surgeries to look alike with Korean popular stars. As a result, there are more and more Chinese women who choose to perform plastic cosmetic surgeries to be more accepted by their social ties.
     
    The theory of social categorization also indicates that social selves may be influenced by other group members. The extent of influence depends on how social selves perceive themselves in terms of their particular group membership (Ellemers, et al., 1999). For social selves who are dedicated to their social groups, they present higher level of commitment with particular social groups. This kind of social commitment can also be used for indicating the strength of social selves’ ties with group members. In the globalization era, the social commitment can be strengthened through marketing result. Therefore, the popularity of Korean series can be regarded as some kind of media marketing of Korean beauty (Kung, 2014). This is also one underlying reason why some Chinese women still accept plastic surgeries as a popular trend, regardless of countless examples of plastic surgery failure and other medical accidents. These Chinese women undertake these plastic surgeries so as to become present their characters of belonging to certain social group or to be classified by the public into desired social groups easily.
     
    To understand the impact of social identity and social categorization on Chinese women’s attitude towards plastic cosmetic surgeries, it is necessary to be aware of social context. Turner (1987) points out that immediate social context can be regarded as one key factor that influences self-definitions and concerns of self-identity (Turner, 1987). It is the social context that determines which social categorization is the most suitable to become a major trend. Empirical research results also show that individuals of different social groups perceive their own and others’ behavior as conveying different characteristics, depending on which dominant social groups provide the framework for them to make their judgments (Van Rijswijk & Ellemers, 2001). That’s to say, the social context can be utilized as a potential resources for individuals to deal with social trends. Individuals’ commitment is a determinant factor that affects individuals’ response and attitude towards particular social phenomena.
     
    What’s more, the involvement of social media has also changed group behavior significantly. In commercial organizations, the growing popularity of social media has revolutionized marketing practices carried out by organizations (Uptal, 2004). From this perspective, it can also be seen that the inclusion of Korean singers and dancers into Korean series is also one popular practice to attract Chinese TV fans, especially women who are ranging between 18 and 25 years old.
     
    Cultural aspects will also influence consumers’ usage of online social networks. Compared with previous time, a lot of shopping can be accomplished and information can be got access to via the Internet (Williams, 2000). Given the fact that online social Medias contain so many advantages, Korean TV series producers also promote their series via online social media platforms. Through doing so, Chinese fans of Korean series can watch these TV series at any time they wish, instead of sitting in front of the TV screen and wait for the broadcasting of TV series.
     
    That’s to say, Chinese fans have more flexible time in watches these Korean series. Another advantage for Korean TV series producers to broadcast their series via social media platforms is that they can collaborate with other organizations and input product placement advertisement into their series. For instance, hospitals that are professional at performing plastic cosmeticssurgeries can input their product placements in these Korean series, which will definitely increase their knowingness among Chinese women.
     
    By promoting Korean series on social media platforms, Korean series producers can also monitor and guide Chinese women’s “so called” beauty standards. These producers will even recruit some external promoters to propagandize advantages of pursuing for Korean-standard beauty on these social media platforms. Attracted by those virtual or real examples of Chinese women who have undertaken plastic surgeries, more and more Chinese young women are willing to spend more effort on modifying their physical look to be consistent with those advocated in Korean series.

    根据Chapkins(2006),世界已经进入了一个自我贬低的时代,大多数人对最新的时尚和最流行的审美标准变得敏感。受这种社会变化的影响,女性被推动着让自己看起来更好,尽管大多数女性永远不可能像她们在韩国电视剧中看到的超模一样(Chapkins, 2006)。然而,大多数女性仍在想方设法追随最新的时尚潮流,装扮成韩国偶像。中国女性只有在能够与整个社会或至少她们所在社会群体所规定的标准竞争时才会觉得自己漂亮。
     
     
     
    虽然现代技术允许中国女性控制自己的身体和肤色,但她们仍然很大程度上依赖于社会群体倡导的外在美标准(Li et al., 2008)。目前,有大量的研究调查了人们的社会否认对他们的认知、情绪和行为的重大影响。例如,Ellemers et al.(1997)观察那些坚持在不成功群体中的人,发现即使这些人有机会成为成功人士,他们最终也会为了与社会群体保持一致,或为了保护集体自我而损害自己的个人幸福。由此,也可以估计出集体自我是个体自我的从属(Gaertner et al., 1999)。这些例子也暗示着人们的集体自我和社会身份在日常生活的许多不同方面对他们的知觉、情感和行为的形成起着指导作用。
     
     
     
    虽然个人自我的概念可以被定义为一种对某人是谁的持续意识,但很明显,这些个人自我可能会以不同的方式感知他们的社会自我,因为他们可能属于不同的社会群体(Baumeister, 1998)。在心理学教授看来,社会身份是指来自不同社会群体的社会自我。此外,社会分类表明,根据最显著的社会身份类型,社会自我可以被划分为不同的社会群体(Crisp & Hewstone, 2001)。
     
     
     
    如今,年龄在18 - 25岁之间的中国女性在思考进行整形手术的必要性时,承认自己承受着来自父母的压力,以及同一群体中其他群体成员所倡导的行为的影响。韩剧的流行给中国女性带来了所谓的审美标准。为了被大众所接受,中国女性,尤其是年轻女性,开始追求韩剧中所描绘的标准美。此外,一些中国女性在接受了一些整容手术以看起来像韩国明星之后,从她们的社会群体中赢得了大量的自信和自我满足。因此,越来越多的中国女性选择进行整形手术,以被社会关系更接受。
     
     
     
    社会分类理论还表明,社会自我可能受到其他群体成员的影响。影响的程度取决于社会自我如何看待自己的特定群体成员身份(Ellemers等人,1999年)。对于献身于社会群体的社会自我而言,他们对特定社会群体的承诺水平更高。这种社会承诺也可以用来表明社会自我与群体成员的联系强度。在全球化时代,通过营销效果来加强社会承诺。因此,韩剧的流行可以看作是一种韩国美容的媒体营销(Kung, 2014)。这也是为什么尽管有无数的整形失败和医疗事故的例子,一些中国女性仍然接受整形手术作为一种流行趋势的一个潜在原因。这些中国女性进行这些整形手术,是为了表现出她们属于某一社会群体的特征,或者更容易被公众划分为理想的社会群体。

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    LR代写 self-degrading era